Category: General Construction

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Construction and Change

The Lean Building Journal in a 2009 white paper pegs the ratio of wasteful or non-value-added activities in a typical building task at 55% to 65%. The white paper-Creating Value: An Adequate Way to Get rid of Waste in Lean Design and Lean Production goes on to say, “Developing worth and only value is the very best method to decrease waste in style and construction.”

Needless to say, the construction market is severely broken and requires fixing. How does the industry rise up and fulfill the difficulties of consumer need for greater quality, improved success, and the shortage of proficient employees? The initial step is to cast aside the not developed here syndrome and welcome a time evaluated producing service -the Toyota Production System-commonly called Lean.

Why should building and construction company managers even consider Lean as a method to improve their company? Here are some eye opening realities about the U.S. building and construction industry:

60% to 85% of construction time is spent waiting or repairing mistakes
The average construction worker operates at 40% efficiency
Crucial scarcities exist in qualified and skilled employees
The return on equity for building and construction fades in contrast to all other U.S. industries
Customers are frustrated with bad quality, conflict, excessive change orders, and scheduling delays
While Lean is no silver bullet, lean building and construction offers substantial improvements to the issues facing the construction market. If building and construction companies desire to prosper in the 21st Century then they must move toward lean thinking.

Why a lot Waste?

There is a little however growing movement to apply lean principles to building and construction. Applying lean principles to construction truly implies applying them to project management. This transformation includes mapping your building processes, figuring out the most efficient work flow and developing a pull system. How do you produce a pull system? As a specialist you can start by taking a look at exactly what the finished project should be, and after that work in reverse, recognizing each preceding step. When they ought to take place, downstream procedures identify what the upstream processes will be and. Taking this view of the job will help you control the work circulation. You need to likewise take a look at developing value stream or process maps of your task support processes as well as job processes. Procedures like job setup, estimating, payroll, accounts payable, acquiring, tool and material handling ready prospects for mapping.

Why so much waste? Construction projects are so fragmented. Lot of times subcontractors do their work neglecting how exactly what they do impact the work of other subcontractors. We call this the “throw it over the wall’ mentality. One functional department (in this case subcontractor) finishes its part of the project and tosses it over the wall to the next department (subcontractor) who throws it back over the wall since it isn’t really. This mindset sub-optimizes the efficiency of the whole job developing quality and schedule issues.

Lean thinking is a brand-new method to manage building. Many individuals object since they believe lean is a production strategy and has no application in a “special” market like construction. The goal of Lean Process Improvement is to optimize worth and eliminate waste utilizing strategies like one-piece circulation, Just-in-time shipment, and stock decrease.

The Need for Change

The building and construction industry is broken and the 5 truths listed below demonstrate why the market needs to change:

Crucial shortages of certified, competent employees are anticipated to just become worse.
Regardless of the building boom of 2006, Business Week’s 2007 Investment Outlook Report showed the return on equity (ROE) for all U.S. industries was 17.9 percent, while the ROE for the building and construction industry was a simple 9.7 percent.
Market clients are irritated with bad quality, conflict, excessive change orders in quantity and dollar value, scheduling delays and litigation.

Lean thinking is a brand-new method to manage building. Many individuals object because they think lean is a production strategy and has no application in a “unique” market like building. Using lean concepts to building and construction actually implies using them to project management.

If it takes 6 months to develop a home, then 85 percent of the time is invested in two activities: waiting on the next trade to show up, and fixing errors
Clemson’s Professor Roger Liska conducted an analysis of productivity on the building and construction market and found that the average building employee runs at only 40 percent effectiveness.

While Lean is no silver bullet, lean building offers substantial enhancements to the issues dealing with the building and construction market. If construction companies want to prosper in the 21st Century then they need to move towards lean thinking.

Construction Hiring Tips

When interviewing for building and construction tasks or developing trades jobs, there are essentially 2 kinds of interviews: the screening interview and the hiring/selection interview. Both of these are styled in a different way and you need to be prepared for both.

Evaluating Interviews

Your most difficult task might be to get past the screeners to the Operation’s Managers. Be prepared to discuss any inconsistencies in your background (i.e. gaps in building work or building education, regular task changes, layoffs, and so on).

It will generally be with a third-party building employer or someone from human resources if invited to a face-to-face screening interview. Human resource recruiters are generally knowledgeable and typically are experts knowledgeable at construction speaking with and screening prospects. They might not understand the details of the job that you speak with for, but they work at judging character, intelligence, and excellent fits for the company culture. They are likewise proficient at identifying prospective “red flags” or problem locations with your work background and basic credentials.

Evaluating interviews are used to certify you for choice prior to you meet a building hiring authority. Screeners will attempt to weed you out rather than get you hired. These building interviews are regular for business who receive hundreds or thousands of solicitations for a single building and construction job opportunity. Evaluating interviews are usually quick, low and effective cost strategies that result in a list of certified candidates. They assist Operations Managers to conserve vital time by eliminating unqualified prospects.

Some examples of evaluating interviews consist of telephone interviews, computer system interviews, video- conference interviews and the structured interview. The function of these interviews are to evaluate you and remove you from selection of for the numerous building and construction jobs you are interviewing for. The outcome of this procedure results in a short list of a couple of finalists given that there might be numerous dozen candidates to weed out.

Telephone Interviews

During a phone interview, your objective as a candidate ought to be to set up a face-to-face meeting. If this is not possible, aim to set up another time to talk, or get the name/address of an ideal contact in the employer’s firm so that you can send a construction resume.

Telephone interviewing is the most typical way to carry out a preliminary screening interview. It assists both the building job interviewer and the prospect get a general sense of mutual interest in pursuing things beyond the first construction interview. It likewise conserves money and time, and may be tape tape-recorded for evaluation by other recruiters.

If you are captured off guard or unprepared with an incoming interview call, ask to meet personally, or reschedule the visit for an easier time. Bear in mind that the individual calling is the one who establishes control. It’s to your benefit to position the call at a more practical time.

Tips for phone interviews:

Computer interviews include answering a series of multiple-choice concerns that will pre-qualify prospects for a potential job interview and/or request resume submission. Some interviews are handled through the telephone with push buttons, while others require accessing a web site to finish the building and construction job interview with a computer keyboard and mouse.

At the start of the discussion, make sure to write the person’s name down correctly. Ask for the right spelling. Ask their contact number so that you can call them back if cut off.
Keep the following items convenient: copy of your construction resume, list of employer questions, pen, paper, research study material on the employer, and any other notes you may have. It might also be a smart idea to have a glass of water close by.
Dress up as though you are going to a face-to-face conference. This usually will help to boost your energy level and expert existence.
Constantly attempt to smile speaking on the phone. People can generally notice when you’re smiling or frowning.
Aim to speak in a loud, clear voice considering that many phone reception minimizes phone sound levels.
If you were in a face-to-face meeting, ask numerous clever questions as.
If you place the call, do not let the long-distance phone charge reduce the building and construction jobs interview.
If faced with a concern you do not have a reliable and simple answer for, state that the concern may be better addressed in person.
Thank the recruiter for his/her time, and subsequent with a “thank you” letter.
Computer system Interviews

Video-Phone and Video-Conferencing

More than half of the biggest U.S. business utilize video-conferencing as a method of hassle-free interaction and as an alternative to more expensive in person meetings. The continuous drop in expense makes it a popular resource for building and construction businesses as well as house use.

Tips for video-conferences:

This kind of building tasks interview is utilized to recognize the best prospects by inquiring the precise same concerns. Companies try to produce a typical assessment tool by offering an “apples-to-apples” contrast of building candidates. No two interviews are ever alike. Individual biases will impact the examination. Third-party recruiters or the employer’s Human Resource department typically manages these interviews.

Video-conferencing has comparable video and audio qualities to that of a house video camera. Be sure to select an attire that looks good on you. To avoid troublesome imaging, wear strong colors (not plaids or stripes).
In order to become comfy during video-conferencing, practice a mock building task interview using your home camera.
For the very best reception, pick full-face (straight) camera angles instead of angled views. Look for expert help for make-up matters.
If provided a choice, usage complete view or wide-angle shots rather than close up shots. Leave the close up shots to the professionals.
There usually is a lag between the spoken and heard word. If you are in a face-to-face interview, smile and keep eye contact as.
Avoid jerky movements due to the fact that just fluid movements keep video stability.
Structured Interviews

Building and construction Hiring or Selection Interviews

In contrast to evaluating interviews, there are the more conventional building and construction hiring (or choice) interviews from Operation’s Managers, department heads and building and construction executives who may be your supreme managers. These building and construction managers comprehend the technical qualifications needed to fill their vacant construction positions and the team chemistry had to keep their departments running smoothly. As recruiters, they are normally less prepared or experienced at construction speaking with.

Construction Hiring interviews are two-way streets where you likewise will be interviewing the construction company for job suitability. The majority of these building interviews will happen in an office setting in among a number of formats: individually interviews, serial interviews, sequential interviews or panel interviews

Many invest just a few minutes looking over a building and construction resume before the construction interview and rarely prepare techniques or questions. A lot of do not like talking to. They see it as an unfortunate, however needed, job that takes away from job production. Companies feel that they should presume a position of control. If the circumstance is managed effectively, they are generally more than willing to enable candidates to take the lead.

Individually interviews

This is the traditional interview where prospects consult with companies on a face-to-face, or individually, basis. Each building and construction interview is somewhat special and is loosely structured. Both celebrations usually leave with a more natural sense of whether or not the fit is right.

Serial interviews

Prospects are passed from one building interviewer to another throughout the course of a day. No decision is made on your viability up until the last building task interview has actually happened and all job interviewers have had a possibility to talk about each other’s interview. Attempt to find out something about the next interviewer (and the issues essential to him/her) prior to the conference if dealing with serial interviews. Keep in mind that you just have one possibility to make the right first impression so make sure you are energized and ready for the next interview prior to taking it on. Reason yourself to go to the bathroom for a break or try to reschedule the balance of the interviews for another time if you are not.

Sequential interviews

In this scenario, a candidate will precede a committee, sometimes as big as 10 individuals. This is normally done for effective scheduling functions in order to accommodate the management panel. Here prospects are assessed on social abilities, leadership, and their capability to think on their feet while handling problems in a demanding scenario.

If challenged with this type of construction interview, prospects need to attempt to determine the leader and the instant supervisor of the position being thought about. It may be difficult to exercise any degree of genuine control over the panel, however attempt to focus on one or two key members and control their reaction to you.

Short article Source:

Consecutive interviews are the traditional ways of speaking with whereby a candidate will meet with one or a number of recruiters on an one-on-one basis over the course of a number of days, months or weeks. Each interview moves the candidate gradually to higher information in regard to the position, the building and construction company and eventually a deal. Testing might be among the consecutive interviews, as well as meeting with the leading brass and even a third-party specialist.

Group or panel interviews.

Some examples of evaluating interviews include telephone interviews, computer interviews, video- conference interviews and the structured interview. The purpose of these interviews are to screen you and eliminate you from selection of for the various building jobs you are talking to for. Some interviews are dealt with through the telephone with push buttons, while others require accessing a web website to complete the building job interview with a computer system keyboard and mouse. In contrast to screening interviews, there are the more conventional building and construction hiring (or choice) interviews from Operation’s Managers, department heads and building executives who may be your supreme managers. No choice is made on your viability till the last building and construction task interview has actually taken place and all interviewers have actually had a possibility to talk about each other’s interview.

Roofing Construction

You see the siding, the windows, the front door, and way up above, you see the roofing system. Does the roofing have asphalt shingles? Maybe it’s made of metal or rubber tiles?

The Roof Deck

Keep in mind, if your roofing deck is decomposing or damaged in any way, people walking on your roofing system might possibly break or crack through the wood, triggering additional damage to the roofing system, such as to the shingles … and to the individual who strolled on it! However, many roofing decks can hold up against a bit of exposure to water or ice prior to it needs to be changed.

On Newer Houses, sheets of plywood or OSB boards are fastened on top of wood trusses in your attic to form the roofing system deck. When the time comes for you to change your Roof System, keep in mind to have your Calgary Roofing Contractor change any and all damaged wood.

Your wood roofing system deck is comparable to an autos metal body. Without a roofing system deck installed on your house, there would be nowhere to install your Shingles. And of course without the shingles, your roof deck would rot away due to exposure to the sun, ice, rain and snow and etc.

Metal: Drip Edge and Rake Edge

Drip and Rake edge is readily available in a range of different colors and sizes and can be customized constructed for the requirements of your roof system. When your roofing system needs replaced, setting up a proper drip edge typically conserves hundreds and often even thousands of dollars.

Drip edge and Rake edge is the first part of the Roof System to be installed. It is a narrow and long piece of metal which is installed along each end of your Roof Deck, ie: along the eaves trough and along the gable ends.

Lots of new homes and/or low budget roofing systems do not have drip edge set up in order to enable for more cost effective roofing rates. We advise nevertheless that Drip edge and Rake edge be set up on every Roof System, no exceptions.

If your Roof System does not presently have drip or rake edge installed, do not panic, you’ll make it through well enough. Simply know that when your roof has to be replaced, the Roofing Contractor you may have to change a few of your wood Roof Deck on an as required basis.

Metal: Skylights and chimneys

Every chimney and skylight needs exactly what is described as “a back pan”, which includes sheet metal folded at around a 90 degree angle (depending upon the slope of your roofing system) and tucks under the shingles and up under the counter, siding or stucco flashing on the chimney or skylight. Every back pan needs a small 2″ section of metal sticking out 1″ or more from either side of the chimney or skylight to divert water far from the corners. Water ought to strike the metal back pan and be directed away on either side where it can continue its face the eaves trough.

Arguably the most vital part of every complete roof system. The metal installed in the chimneys, valleys and skylights take the impact of water flow on every roofing. Inadequately installed, a brand name brand-new roofing system can make a waterfall out of your living room.

Metal: Valleys

In the exact same way water runs along the valleys between 2 mountains, water runs along the valleys on your roofing system peaks. Valleys normally receive the highest concentration of water streaming through them, for that reason installing them properly is very crucial!

As pointed out in the Leak Barrier area, valleys have leak barriers set up underneath them. Despite the fact that some Building Codes do not need such a leakage barrier to be installed, we suggest installing one constantly in every valley.

A word of care: Many roofing contractors install valleys in a style described as ‘closed’. A closed valley includes Shingles woven inside the valley, instead of an ‘open’ valley which has sheet metal running from top to bottom. Both the ‘open’ and the ‘closed’ design of setup are acceptable by the a lot of Building Codes and by a lot of producers, nevertheless, the ‘open’ style installation has actually consistently out carried out the ‘closed’ design … and expenses precisely the exact same cost to install. Ask your Roofing Contractor to utilize the ‘open’ design of installation for your roofings valleys, this might conserve you from having to replace your roofing system too soon as well as can prevent headaches in the long run. Generally, an ‘open’ valley is installed with a 30 gauge sheet metal, 4′ large, can be found in 10′ sheets. This metal can be purchased in any color to match the shingles on your roofing system.

Leak Barrier

If you’ve ever taken a look at your roofing system throughout winter, you’ll observe how ice and snow develops along the length of your eaves troughs and inside the roofing system valleys. Just like Rake Edge and Drip Edge, some Building codes need Leak Barriers to be installed and some Building Codes do not. In Alberta, the Building Code needs a leak Barrier to be installed on all eaves trough and valley locations of a Roof Systems because of concerns related to such snow and ice develop. As an optional upgrade, some high-end roofing system systems even have leakage barriers installed on top of the whole Roof Deck (instead of just along the special locations we just pointed out) where normally a basic Roof Deck Protection would usually have actually been set up.

Practically all roofing systems in Calgary, Alberta have leak barriers set up, and many different types of leak barriers are available in today’s market, each using a various level of functionality, warranty and reliability and produced by various makers.

Choosing a proper Leak Barrier and installing it correctly is an essential step in every Roof System. Talk to your Roofing Contractor to read more about leak barriers, how to select the right one and ways to pick a Professional Roofing Contractor to install it.

Consider a leak barrier as a “second layer” of security for your Roof Deck. A backup plan, if you will, as well as a protection against moisture build up. Leak barriers are almost constantly installed on top of the Drip Edge and Rake Edge metal along eaves trough locations, gable locations and valleys since of the threat these locations position for leaks, ice develop, shingle degeneration and water back flow.

Roofing system Deck Protection

Roof Deck Protection is very similar to a Leak Barrier. The difference is that Roof Deck Protection is set up on the whole Roof Deck area instead of only on “special areas” as we mention in the Leak Barrier area.

Lots of brand-new houses and/or low budget roofing systems do not have drip edge installed in order to permit for more affordable roofing costs. Ask your Roofing Contractor to utilize the ‘open’ style of installation for your roofs valleys, this might save you from having to change your roof system prematurely and also can avoid headaches in the long run. If you’ve ever looked at your roofing during winter, you’ll discover how ice and snow builds up along the length of your eaves troughs and inside the roofing valleys. As an optional upgrade, some high end roof systems even have leak barriers installed on top of the whole Roof Deck (as opposed to just along the special locations we just discussed) where usually a standard Roof Deck Protection would normally have been set up.

Selecting a dependable Roof Deck Protection is an important part of a quality Roof System.

A word of care; most roof companies utilize felt paper as Roof Deck Protection. Utilizing felt paper is a appropriate and basic practice, some concerns can emerge if the felt paper becomes wet during or after the installation. Ever discover how paper tends to curl when it dries after it was wet? In a similar way, felt paper can curl if water or excess moisture touches it. For this reason, and because the expense is rather small, we suggest installing a higher quality Roof Deck Protection such as a GAF/ELK Deck Armour. For a fairly small extra expense, you’ll be rewarded with a much more trustworthy Roof Deck Protection.

Usually, Roof Deck Protection is an action lower in quality than a Leak Barrier. As with Leak Barriers nevertheless, there are several kinds of Roof Deck Protection readily available to select from ranging from fundamental felt/tar paper to advanced plastic woven sheets of rip and wrinkle proof product. Picking a dependable Roof Deck Protection is an important part of a quality Roof System.

Ask your regional trusted Roofing Contractor about which under-layer would be best for your Roof System any why.